Author: Bullbuster Team
Bottom Fishing Rig 101
If you want to learn how to make a bottom fishing rig you have come to the right place. We compiled some of the best videos on the web on making bottom fishing rigs.
The Most Basic Bottom Fishing Rig AKA The Knocker Rig:
This video posted by Cpt. Jim with "Tie One On Charters" shows exactly how to tie a knocker rig. Knocker rigs are one of the simplest and most effective bottom fishing rigs out there.
Knocker Rigs Work Well For:
How To Make A Chicken Rig:
A chicken rig is one of the most effective rigs for catching small bottom fish since it allows you to fish multiple hooks at once. Luckily for you it is also pretty easy to make. The video below was put together by MiamiFishN.
Chicken Rigs Work Well For:
Advanced Bottom Fishing Rigs:
When you fish longer leaders you will definitely get more hits. Check out this video put together by the IGFA and featuring Cpt. Bouncer Smith and Mark Sosin discussing Bouncer's preffered bottom fishing setup. When using this rig make sure to let your line out slowly to prevent tangles.
This type of bottom fishing rig works well for:
5 Best Baits For Bottom Fishing
This article covers the 5 best baits for bottom fishing.
Squid is a great go to bait for bottom fishing. Squid is easy to find in your local bait and tackle store and bottom fish love it!
Pinfish is a hearty bait for bottom fishing that is easy to catch and big snapper and grouper can’t resist. (However you may want to cut back those “pins” they are famous for with a pair of pliers). (Learn More About Pinfish)
Ballyhoo are one of the best baits for bottom fishing. They can be fished live, cut into chunks, or into plugs.
You can’t beat live pilchards for snappers and small grouper.
Cut up the next bonita you catch into strips. Its great bottom fishing bait.
If you liked this article you may also like our article on 5 Ways To Catch Live Bait.
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Best Ways To Catch Live Bait
In this article we cover 5 different ways to catch live bait. Each method has its pro's and con's as well as varying levels of effectiveness depending on what bait fish you are targeting.
1) Use A Sabiki Rig
A sabiki rig is a Japanese rig with small fish skins on multiple hooks in a line. Underwater, the rig looks like a school of tiny baitfish as it is jigged in the water. Rigs like this are used throughout the world as an effective method to catch baitfish.
Rigging A Pre Made Sabiki Rig
There is a proper way to rig your sabiki rig to avoid tangles.
Before Your Open Your Sabiki Rig Follow These Steps
1) Tie your mono or braided line directly to the swivel.
2) Attach weight to snap swivel.
3) While holding your rod, pull the weight and the sabiki rig will come out of the packaging and untangle itself.
Top Brands Of Sabiki Rigs Include:
1) Hyabusa Sabiki Rigs
2) R&R Tackle Sabiki Rigs
3) Offshore Angler Sabiki Rigs
Biggest Pro For Using A Sabiki Rig
One of the greatest advantage of using a sabiki rig is that your bait will be in excellent condition with very little.
Biggest Con Of Using A Sabiki Rig
Catching baits via sabiki rigs can be very time consuming.
Sabiki rigs are effective for most baitfish including:
Using Small Sabiki Rigs:
- Herring/Sardines (All species)
- Cigar Minnows
Using Medium Sabiki Rigs:
- Blue Runners
- Tinker Mackerel
Using Large Sabiki Rigs:
- Blue Runners
- Goggle Eye
- Tinker Mackerel
- Small Bonita
- & More.
How To Remove A Fish From Your Sabiki Rig
When you have a string full of fish on your sabiki rig, you are going to want to swing the rig up and grab the weight. This will keep your sabiki rig in a straight line. At this point, either you or someone that is helping at the bait tank should use a dehooker right above the live well to drop the bait right into the water without any of its slime being removed on your hands. This slime protects your bait against infection while it is in your live well and for later if you put it into a bait pen.
How To Work Your Sabiki Rig
Remember a sabiki rig is imitating a school of minnows. You want to work your sabiki rig in different ways depending on the type of bait you are targeting
1) Jerk Jerk Reel
The most basic motion for working a sabiki rig is the "jerk jerk reel".
The "jerk jerk reel" motion is like your school of minnows darting forward twice up towards the surface and then getting scared and heading back. This is a realistic motion for a school of small fish as they mimick eacother.
2) Keep It Completely Still & Blended In With The Chum
For certain species such as cigar minnows, less motion is better. If you have a baitfish that is coming right up to your chumbag and eating from it where it is thickest, then the best thing to do with your sabiki rig may be to keep it absolutely still so that they eat it like the chunks that are floating out of the bag.
3) Drop It To The Depth Where The Bait You Are Targeting Is
Different baitfish swim at different depths relative to your chum. Above we have already talked about bait like cigar minnows coming right up to your chum bag and sticking around. Baits like ballyhoo (which WARNING will tangle your sabiki rig quickly) stay on the surface and away from your chum. Baits like pinfish stay towards the bottom, and baits like herring and sardines stay mid water column. It is best to drop your sabiki to where the bait you wan is. For fish like herrring and sardines, it is best to check with the captain on what he or she is marking on the depth sounder.
2) Use A Cast Net
A cast net is one of the most effective methods of catching a lot of bait at once. It takes some practice to get your act together with a cast net, but once you are throwing "pancakes" or full casts, this will be a deadly method for bait retrieval.
Choosing the right cast net depends on a lot of factors. Cast nets differ in diameter, mesh size, and weights.
Diameter- Larger cast nets obviously have the advantage that they can cover more area for fast moving fish, however they can be hard to throw. Smaller nets are easier and faster to set up to throw and can be more accurate.
Mesh Size -Your mesh size will determine the sinking rate of your cast net as well as what type of fish will stay in the net.
Weight Size - The type of weights on your net combined with the mesh size determine how fast your net will sink onto baitfish.
Throwing a cast net is an art form and takes some practice, especially for larger nets. Try practicing in your backyard or a large field to get your cast right. You don't want to throw a banana shaped cast in front of a school of prime baits.
Baits That Can Be Caught Using A Cast Net
- & More
Top Brands Of Cast Nets Include
1) Betts Cast Nets
2) Super Pro Cast Nets
3) Moonlighter Cast Nets
3) Use A Fish Trap
A fish trap is a great way to catch bait that hangs out on near the bottom. This includes fish like croakers and pinfish and shrimp.
Best Baits For Your Fish Trap
- 1) Cat Food Can With Holes Punched In It 2) Squid
- 3) Carcasses Of Fish You Already Caught
Soak Times May Vary In The Areas That Your Are Fishing
Soak times may vary in the area that you are fishing and the type of trap that you are using. You may also want to check your local fishing regulations with regards to this before setting a fish trap out.
4) Trolling For Your Baits
If you want to catch bigger baits you may want to try a little trolling.
Trolling For Big Baits Inshore
To baits like blue runners, troll a few rods with small bucktails a few hundred yards off the beach, you can load up on blue runners with this method.
Trolling For Big Baits Offshore
You can also try trolling small skirts offshore near buoys , weed lines, and floatsum, to land large blue runners and small bonita and tuna for baits.
Storing Big Troll Caught Live Baits
If you are fishing for big baits, you may want to have a few tuna tubes on your boat. Pelagic fish like tunas and mackerels often need more water flow through their gills than your average live well is going to provide.
5) Scale Down Your Hooks & Use Cut Bait
Sometimes you don't need a special rig. Use a small hook and some bait like shrimp or squid to catch all the baitfish you need around channel and range markers. In this case it helps to set up in the right area and have a chum block ready so bait fishing doesn't become a day long ordeal.
Rigging To Catch Live Baits With Cut Bait
- 1) Small J Hook
- 2) Light Leader
- 3) Small Splitshot
Rigging To Catch Ballyhoo With Cut Baits
- 1) Small gold longshark hook
- 2) Bobber
- 3) Light Leader
For fish like ballyhoo, try using a longshank golden hook and even smaller pieces of shrimp or squid with a bobber to keep it in their range.
Learn How To Catch Ballyhoo - The linked article gets into more specifics on how to catch ballyhoo.
The image below shows you the area's of the reef where ballyhoo can be targeted.
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