How To:

How To Trout Fish In Maryland

Author: Pinnacle Reef Shark Fishing


Here in Maryland we don't have many bodies of water that can naturally sustain a trout fishery. Except for up in the farther reaches of the northern part of the state. But fortunately for us the Maryland Department of Natural Resources twice a year in the colder months of spring and fall stock many bodies of water in just about every county of the state with brown trout, rainbow, and the gorgeous elusive golden trout. If you know what you're doing it can be super easy and super fun especially if you're taking children or inexperienced anglers. Just about every body of water that they stock they slip in a few trophy trout. Not to mention these trout make great table fare if you enjoy eating freshwater fish. You can target these fish in rivers, streams, creeks, ponds, and lakes.

Here is a rundown on how you can get into some of the trout fishing action here in the beautiful state of Maryland. In this article I will be covering two aspects of targeting the species. One will be with artificial lures and the other will be using bait. Both are highly productive and fairly simple so let's get started. Okay let's talk setups. First will be discussing the setup I like to use when targeting trout with artificial lures. I personally like to use a 6-foot 6" ultralight rod with a fast action, due to its high sensitivity. I recommend using spinning reels in the 1000 to 2000 size models. The reel should be spooled up with 2-6 lb braid. As many of the lures you will be casting will be ultra light and you still want distance. I like to use 6 lb test monofilament or fluorocarbon leader material and tie directly to the lure no swivel needed. Also I use a uni to uni knot to tie the leader to the braid. Some of the most productive lures I've experienced here in Maryland are jig heads with curly tail grubs anywhere from 1/16 of an ounce up to a quarter ounce, inline spinners such as rooster tails or MEPS preferably golden silver or chartreuse. Trout magnets or tiny tubes are also highly productive or storm wildeye minnows in the smallest size you can find. Or anything that looks like a tiny bug can be productive. If I'm fishing moving water I will position myself downstream from the particular structure I am targeting, I'll make a long cast upstream past the structure and drift the lure downstream, reeling in the slack and keeping contact with the lure. Keeping it low in the water column as it passes the structure. With the ultralight set up you'll feel the hit and set into him when you feel it. It's also recommended that you use a net when targeting the trout if you're going to be releasing them because they have a very sensitive film over their skin that shouldn't really be handled much. If I'm targeting stillwater I will hit any change in depth, tree stumps, lay downs, stick ups, rocks, humps, water discharges, and make multiple cast at each structure with moderate to slow retrieves. 

When targeting trout with bait I like to use a 7 foot light action spinning outfit paired with a 1000 to 2000 size reel, spooled with 4 - 6 lb braid. I tie my main line to a tiny barrel swivel, then tie a section of 4 - 6 lb test mono or fluorocarbon leader, then tie a tiny size 2 baitholder hook. Sometimes I will use a Carolina rig and add a tiny sliding weight to my main line. Other times I will simply add a pinch weight to my leader. You can also use a weightless rig under a bobber with live bait such as crickets, flies, mealworms, or nymphs. But for some reason by far the most productive bait I found here in Maryland is orange cheese flavored powerbait. Just add a little pea-sized amount to your hook leaving the point exposed. Hands-down It will out fish the guy next to you 5 to 1. Another productive favorite here in Maryland is yellow colored salmon eggs. When using the bait I mainly stick to ponds and lakes. I will try to locate a hole or a hump or a change in depth. I've also found from experience that if your lake or pond has a fountain the fish like to congregate around that oxygenated water. If your pond or lake has a section of riprap this has been a productive area for me also with bait and lures. Make sure you stay alert and be ready because you never know when you're going to hook into that 30-inch trophy trout of a lifetime. If you plan on targeting them with bait don't forget to take your chair and you're extendable y-shaped rod holders. Get out there and spend more time fishing and get a stringer full!

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